Social Consciousness


Imitation is the inherent nature of a gregarious animal. In human society people form a common experience, by imitation of actions of others.

Communication causes an experience of one person to be present for another, leaving both of them with a new experience which is different from their original experiences before the communication took place. The final experience becomes a common experience. When multiple people come together in an organised way, a new experience is formed which is what they live inside of as their social experience.

It is the social process and its repetition that gives the members of the society the social experience. In a social organism, what causes the social aggregate to control the individual to stay within? Society lives in transmission, in communication. Public opinion is formed which influences the individual opinion. In fact, individual opinion cannot be formed by isolation. Hence, every individual opinion is public opinion. Social processes give rise to

  1. Traditions and
  2. Public Opinion

Both these are the products of the Social Process.

The social process and its products viz Traditions, and Public Opinion give rise to Social Consciousness.

Social Consciousness, which is different from individual consciousness, makes the individual conform to the social doctrines, when there is a conflict between individual interest and social obligation. As in a herd, the participation of an individual in a group is instinctive. Humans too live in the society instinctively. However the social process and its products (Public Opinion and Traditions) together give rise to Public Consciousness. The products of the social process cause the Social Control.


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